An air conditioner, also known as an evaporative air-conditioning system, is a machine which is used in order to cool a room by removing heat from it and transferring it into an external air space. The cooled air can then either be transferred inside a building by internal fans, ventilation pipes or external fans, or any other way. A well-functioning air conditioner can save you up to 40% on your monthly heating and cooling costs, depending on the installed size and the quality of its energy-conserving operation. There are two general types of air conditioners: Window and central air conditioners.
Window air conditioners consist of a large evaporative-cooling tower and a window or sliding glass panel. The air conditioner tower is typically located in the attic or crawlspace beneath the home or business and is capable of pulling in cool air from several floors above it. The tower is equipped with a compressor, condenser, and expansion valve. The compressor is responsible for pumping hot air out of the building and condensing it before it goes into the indoor unit. The condenser is responsible for storing the refrigerant and converting it into a gas before sending it to the expansion valve, where it turns into cold air, and finally, into an air conditioner room.
Central air conditioning systems are installed inside a structure and are generally made up of four different components. First, the compressor and condenser units are located inside the building and connected to a series of fans. These units extract cool air from inside the building and transport it outside through ductwork or vents into the outdoor system. Another component of the outdoor unit is an evaporator. The evaporator takes warm outside air, splits it into water and cold gases, and pumps this water through the pipes of the outdoor unit and into the inside of the building.
The last major component is the expansion tank. This is where the water in the gas flows to expand and become gas again when it reaches the compressor’s discharge valve. In some newer models of indoor AC systems, the entire indoor AC unit is contained within a single frame that can be detached from the outside wall of the building. In such cases, only one outdoor AC system is needed, while two or more may be needed in older homes.
Some newer models of ACs come in a variety of shapes and sizes. For instance, window models are becoming quite popular, as they are easier to install and use. Furthermore, many newer air conditioners come in the shape of a fan that looks like vents that can be mounted practically anywhere. This allows homeowners to move the AC units around to places where they might need more cooling.
Finally, it’s important to discuss the role that ductwork plays in the indoor air conditioning process. The ductwork collects the air passing through the house and either filters or heats it before sending it through the ductwork to various living spaces. In general, this ductwork needs to be sealed against outside influences so that heating and cooling can be effectively controlled, but there are a number of situations in which no ductwork exists at all, and in these cases, homeowners will have to install some sort of system that circulates the air in the house via a fan or blower.